What is Special Education?
It is specially designed instruction to meet the unique needs of students with disabilities. Special education may include, but is not limited to: academic services, speech-language services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, counseling services, and parent education. Special education services are provided at no cost to parents. Please review
this brochure, Special Education: Is it for Your Child?
The federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA) and state regulations require the Hawaii State Department of Education to provide a free appropriate public education (FAPE), which includes a continuum of services for students who are eligible for special education and related services.
Special education services are made available to any student ages 3 to 22 who demonstrates a need for specially designed instruction, after an eligibility determination. An evaluation will determine the nature and extent of the student’s needs. Evaluations are comprised of separate assessments which may include: academic performance, communication skills, general intelligence, health, vision, hearing, social and emotional status, and motor abilities. If a student is eligible for special education, services are provided to the student through an
Individualized Education Program (IEP).
Operation Search is the Department's campaign to find children who may need special education services but who are not receiving them at this time. For more information, call Operation Search at 800-297-2070 statewide. View our
Operation Search brochure, and our
CHILDREN YOUNGER THAN 3: For information regarding infants and toddlers between the ages of birth and two years, contact the Early Intervention Referral Line, formerly Hawaii Keiki Information Service System (H-KISS) at (808) 594-0066. You can also visit Early Intervention Services online here: http://health.hawaii.gov/eis/home/eiservices.
PEOPLE OLDER THAN 22: For youths over 22 years of age, contact the Hawaii State Department of Human Services, Vocational Rehabilitation and Services for the Blind Division at (808) 586-5268, or the Hawaii State Department of Health, Case Management and Information Services Branch at (808) 733-9172.
How do I get help for my child?
Contact your child’s home school, which is the neighborhood school that the student attends and request an evaluation. The request can be made by [either]:
- Verbally, in person, or by phone;
- In a written letter, faxed, or e-mailed; or
- On the State of Hawaii Request for Evaluation form obtained from the school.
If completing the Request for Evaluation form, write down all the problems that your child is having, even if you may not consider them educational problems. Return the form to the school office.
The school may invite the parent to a meeting, consisting of teachers, and possibly the counselor and/or principal, to discuss the student’s needs. The team may review student records, grades, test scores, etc., to determine whether an evaluation is appropriate and to determine what type of assessment(s) is needed. The school will respond within 15 days if an evaluation will or will not be conducted. Parental consent will be required for an evaluation to be conducted. You and your child(ren) have
rights in this process.
This video provides an excellent example of parent involvement in the special education process. Families working with the school's principal, teachers and specialists are more likely to get the right services for their children.
Individualized Education Plan
An IEP is a written statement about the educational program for a child with a disability. It serves as a management tool used to ensure that the child receives the needed special education and related services. It also serves as an evaluation device when used to determine the extent of the child's progress toward accomplishing projected goals. It includes:
- a statement of the child's present levels of educational performance;
- a statement of annual goals, including short-term instructional objectives;
- a statement of the specific special education and related services to be provided;
- the extent that the child will be able to participate in regular educational programs;
- the projected dates for initiation of services and the anticipated duration of the services; and
- appropriate objective criteria and evaluation procedures and schedules for determining, on at least an annual basis, whether the objectives are being achieved.
Hawaii’s IDEA Part B Profile
The U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) has created an
IDEA Part B Profile for Hawaii that provides a resource for IDEA-related, State-specific information. Currently our state profile includes:
- the most recent State Performance Plan/Annual Performance Report (SPP/APR) and OSEP’s response;
- the State’s current determination letter;
- the State’s Result’s Driven Accountability Matrix;
- and the approved submission for the State Systemic Improvement Plan (SSIP).
OSEP will be adding additional information about the State in the future. Hawaii’s profile can be accessed here:
IDEA Part B Reports
Special Performance Reports: The Department's Special Education Performance Report encompasses the state's Performance Plan (in accordance with Public Law 108-446) and the Part B Annual Performance Report, which is delivered to the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Education. All components of this report must be made available to the public. View the reports here.
Data Reports: The IDEA Part B Data Reports provide data about children with disabilities served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). These data are collected annually by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs in accordance with Section 618 of IDEA. They are provided in the form of tables produced for the Annual Reports to Congress. Click to download .zip files with each year's data files.
Due Process Hearings: The following are links to reports with findings of due process hearings. Decisions posted to this website are redacted and not the official copy. For questions about decisions, please contact 305-9806.
State Systemic Improvement Plan (SSIP)
The US Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs (USDOE-OSEP) has created a new indicator within the
State Performance Plan and Annual Performance Report – Indicator 17, also known as the State Systemic Improvement Plan (SSIP).
The SSIP is one component of the USDOE-OSEP’s plan to ensure that states focus on both: (1) improving functional outcomes for students with disabilities, and (2) maintaining compliance with IDEA. There are three phases of the SSIP:
Phase I – Analysis (submitted and approved) requires the State to submit information regarding: Data Analysis; Analysis of State Infrastructure to Support Improvement and Build Capacity; State-identified Measurable Result(s) for Children with Disabilities; Selection of Coherent Improvement Strategies; and Theory of Action.
Phase II – Plan (which, in addition to the Phase I content outlined above, the State must include with the April 1, 2016 submission of its SPP/APR for FFY2014) requires the state to submit information regarding: Infrastructure Development; Support for the implementation of Evidence-Based Practices; and Evaluation.
Phase III – Implementation and Evaluation (which, in addition to the Phase I and Phase II content outlined above, the State must include with the February 1, 2017 submission of its SPP/APR for FFY 2015, and update in 2018, 2019, and 2020) requires submission of the results of the ongoing evaluation and revision to the SSIP.
The SSIP Phase I was approved by the U.S. Department of Education. A copy of the submission is available
here. We would like to thank all of the stakeholders that made this submission possible. Phase 2 efforts will begin shortly. In Phase 2, HIDOE will work on the implementation and evaluation plans for improving results for our students with disabilities, using 3rd and 4th grade proficiency rates and 4th grade growth rates in reading for students with Specific Learning Disabilities, Other Health Impairments or Disabilities, and Speech or Language Impairments or Disabilities to measure implementation effectiveness.
The Special Projects Office will convene stakeholders to assist with providing feedback for Phase 2. Should you have questions regarding Phase 2, please contact the Special Projects Office at (808) 586-3428 or at
Community Children's Councils: A partnership of parents, school personnel, private providers and other community members, coordinated by the Department, who are concerned with the delivery of services and support to special needs children and families.
Disability & Communication Access Board: For persons with disabilities (Department of Health).
Learning Disabilities Association of Hawaii: The Parent Training & Information Center (PTI) for the state of Hawaii. Its mission is to enhance education, work and life opportunities for children and youth with disabilities by empowering them and their families through information, training and mentoring, and by public outreach and advocacy.
- Special Education Advisory Council (SEAC): A diverse group of individuals with expertise on all aspects affecting special education and related issues. Membership includes a majority of parents of children with disabilities, as well as teachers, administrators, representatives from the Department of Heath and the Department of Human Services, and others.
Special Parent Information Network (SPIN): Information, support and referral to parents of children and young adults with disabilities and the professionals who serve them (sponsored by DOH/Department).
- Hawaii Autism Foundation: The mission of the Hawaii Autism Foundation is to educate and help Hawaii families find and fund treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorders.