2. Strive HI Index
Under No Child Left Behind, there were two options for schools: they either “made” or “did not make” Adequate Yearly Progress, or AYP. In that system, AYP status was a crude instrument that led directly to a series of strict, escalating consequences.
Under the Strive HI Performance System, the Strive HI Index will serve as more of a diagnostic tool to understand a school’s performance and progress and differentiate schools based on their individuals needs for reward, support and intervention. The Strive HI Index includes several indicators, aligned with those in the Strategic Plan, to measure achievement, growth, readiness and achievement gaps. By using a comprehensive set of indicators, the Strive HI Index provides a more complete picture of a school that will help the school, community and system answer the following questions:
- How are students in this school performing in reading, math and science?
Compared to similar students in other schools, how well is this school improving its students’ math and reading skills over time?
Is this school doing its part in preparing students to graduate college- and career-ready?
Is this school closing achievement gaps between high-needs students and non-high needs students?
Each school will receive a score between 0 and 400 points, with achievement, growth, readiness and achievement gaps each counting for 100 points. The Department will include each school’s Index points and composite score on its updated school report card. The Index scores (graphic, top) will also be used to customize the rewards, supports and interventions to best suit the school’s needs.
- Achievement: The Achievement indicators measure whether a school is providing students with the math, reading and science skills for a solid academic foundation. Math, reading and science proficiency will be measured by the statewide assessments in grades 3-8 and 10. Hawaii is in the process of transitioning to new assessments aligned to the Common Core State Standards. For SY 2012-13, the Index relied on scores from the Hawaii State Assessment. In 2013-14, it was the HSA “bridge” assessment, and it will be the Smarter Balanced assessment in SY 2014-15. Learn more about the State Assessments.
Growth: The Growth indicators measure whether a school is improving students’ reading and math scores over time in grades 4-8 and 10.
- Readiness: The Readiness indicators measure whether a school is doing its part in ensuring students are ready to move through the K-12 pipeline prepared to graduate ready for college and careers.
- For elementary schools, the chronic absenteeism rate is defined as the percentage of students absent for 15 or more school days a year (excluding medical emergencies).
For middle schools, the readiness indicators will be 8th grade ACT scores, which include English, reading, math and science.
For high schools, the Index will use 11th grade ACT scores (including English, reading, math and science) and graduation and college going rates. Learn more about our ACT testing suite.
- Achievement Gap: The Achievement Gap indicators measure the achievement gap between student subgroups and how well a school is narrowing those gaps over time.
- The current year indicator will measure the current gap, while the multi-year indicator will measure how the school has narrowed the gap over time.
The Achievement Gap indicators will compare reading and math proficiency between two subgroups: “High-Needs” students and “Non-High Needs” students. The High-Needs category includes students in any one of three federally-defined subgroups: disability, language or family income. Each student will belong to only one group, “High-Needs” or “Non-High Needs.”
Some indicators (math, reading and science proficiency; 8th and 11th grade ACT; graduation rates; college-going rates; and current-year gap rate) will be assigned points calculated by multiplying actual performance by the total possible points. For example, if 75 percent of a school’s students score proficient or above on the reading assessment, the school will receive 75 percent of possible points for that indicator (0.75 X 40 possible points = 30 points).
Other indicators (growth, chronic absenteeism and gap reduction) will be assigned points based on a scoring rubric that compares schools’ results to each other.
For each school level (elementary, middle and high), indicators will be appropriately weighted. See graphic below for Index Weights.